JAKARTA - AEC Blueprint for Economic Integration in Services Trade
The AEC Blueprint contains the following action plan for the liberalization of trade in services:
1. Remove substantially all restrictions on trade in services for four priority service sectors—air transport,
e-ASEAN, health care, and tourism—by 2010, and the fifth priority service sector, logistics services, by 2013.
2. Remove substantially all restrictions on trade in services for all other service sectors by 2015.
3. Undertake liberalization through consecutive rounds every two years until 2015, that is, 2008, 2010,
2012, 2014, and 2015.
4. Target to schedule minimum numbers of new subsectors for each round: 10 subsectors in 2008, 15 in
2010, 20 in 2012, 20 in 2014, and 7 in 2015, based on GATS W/120 Services Classification List.
5. Schedule packages of commitments for every round according to the following parameters:
x No restrictions for Modes 1 and 2, with exceptions due to bona fide regulatory reasons (such as
public safety), which are subject to agreement by all Member States on a case-by-case basis
x Allow for foreign (ASEAN) equity participation of not less than 51 percent by 2008, and 70 percent
by 2010 for the four priority service sectors; not less than 49 percent by 2008, 51 percent by 2010,
and 70 percent by 2013 for logistics services; and not less than 49 percent by 2008, 51 percent by
2010, and 70 percent by 2015 for other service sectors
x Progressively remove other Mode 3 market access limitations by 2015.
6. Set the parameters of liberalization for national treatment limitations, Mode 4, and limitations in the
horizontal commitments for each round by 2009.
7. Schedule commitments according to agreed parameters for national treatment limitations, Mode 4, and
limitations in the horizontal commitments set in 2009.
8. Complete the compilation of an inventory of barriers to services by August 2008.
9. Allow for overall flexibilities, which cover the subsectors totally excluded from liberalization and the
subsectors in which not all the agreed parameters of liberalization of the modes of supply are met, in
scheduling liberalization commitments. The scheduling of liberalization commitments in
each round shall be accorded with the following flexibilities:
* Possibility of catching up in the next round if a Member State is not able to meet the parameters of
commitments set for the previous round
* Allowing for substitution of subsectors that have been agreed to be liberalized in a round but for
which a Member State is not able to make commitments, with subsectors outside of the agreed
* Liberalization through the ASEAN minus X formula (See Note below). Complete mutual
recognition arrangements (MRAs) currently under negotiation, that is, architectural services,
accountancy services, surveying qualifications, medical practitioners by 2008, and dental
practitioners by 2009.
10. Implement the MRAs expeditiously according to the provisions of each respective MRA.
11. Identify and develop MRAs for other professional services by 2012, to be completed by 2015.
12. Strengthen human resource development and capacity building in the area of services.
ASEAN AEC Blueprint.
Note: ASEAN – X formula allows a sub-group of ASEAN Member States to make faster progress in regional
integration without requiring the involvement of the other members.